Want A Feathered Friend And Know Nothing? 6 Types Of Birds Explained
Let’s look in more detail at some of the best types of pet birds you can have at home.
Budgerigar is one name for a small species of parrot commonly called a parakeet or budgie. These small birds are the most popular type of bird to keep as pets.
Parakeets (scientific name: Melopsittacus undulatus) are great domestic birds to keep as pets because they are easy to care for, small, and cheap to buy. Most budgies are easy to identify as they have green bodies and yellowish heads. These vibrant colors are contrasted with their black and white marked wings. Another way to identify parakeets is by their long tail feathers. Pet parakeets can also be blue, yellow and gray, or white in color.
Parakeets are one of the best pet birds for beginners because they are easy to care for. They are between 7” and 10” (17 – 25 cm) in size and live for around 10 years or longer. If you are thinking about getting a budgerigar as a house pet, then it is best to buy them in pairs. Budgies are also quite docile birds and rarely show any signs of aggression.
Budgies mainly eat seeds and grains, but their diet can also include nuts and fruits.
Native to Australia, the cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) is the second most popular type of bird to keep as a household pet. Cockatiels belong to the subfamily called Nymphicinae which is related to cockatoos.
Species of cockatiels have great variation when it comes to color. The most common cockatiel is the gray cockatiel with light to dark gray plumage and yellow or white faces. You will also notice orange blushing on cockatiels just under their eyes. These markings are sometimes referred to as “cheddar cheeks.” One of the identifying features of cockatiels is their distinctive crest that stands up vertical on their heads.
Some beautiful types of cockatiels have lightly colored yellowish heads and pure white plumage and wings.
The reason why cockatiels are always on the list of top pet birds is that they have a friendly nature. These common house birds provide plenty of entertainment because they can learn to whistle tunes. Because cockatiels can live up to 20 years, they can provide plenty of companionship for many years.
Similar to parakeets, cockatiels enjoy a diet of seeds, nuts, fruits, and fresh vegetables.
Cockatoo is another popular type of pet bird and is a type of parrot similar to the cockatiel. There are about 21 species of cockatoo that belong to the family Cacatuidae. These tame birds have distinctive crested heads and a curved bill.
Compared to cockatiels, cockatoos are larger birds and more difficult to keep. There are many different types of birds in the cockatoo family. Some have jet black plumage and wings with red markings around their cheeks. True white cockatoos belong to the subgenus Cacatua and some of these species have large showy yellow crests on their heads. Cockatoos raise these spectacular crests when they land or are excited.
Cockatoos can range in size from 12” to 24” (30 – 60 cm) making them a medium to large-sized pet bird. Compared to other birds in the order Psittaciformes (parrots), cockatoos aren’t as brightly colored.
Canaries are some of the easiest and smallest types of household pet birds that you can buy. The name of this pet bird comes from the Canary Islands. The scientific name of the domestic canary is ‘Serinus canaria forma domestica’ and are in the same family as finches, Fringillidae.
Canary birds have been popular as a cage and aviary household bird since the 17th century when they were domesticated. Although canaries are traditionally yellow, pet birds come in a number of colors. Some popular colors for pet canaries are orange, white, red, black, and brown.
Canaries are typically small delicate birds that are known for their delightful singing (only the males sing). However, they are solitary birds and don’t usually interact with humans very well. Because of their size and quiet nature, canaries are some of the best pet birds for apartments. Their low-maintenance and preference to be on their own means that canaries make great pets if you want an easy-to-care-for bird.
Finches are another species of bird that make great house pets due to their small size. These small energetic birds spend most of their time in the cage, and many species of finch are beautiful singers. Finches are from the family Fringillidae in the avian order Passeriformes.
Finches are sociable birds and it is always best to keep them as pets in pairs or more. Their vibrant colors can really create a talking piece in your room. Some species of pet finches have beautiful green and blue iridescent colors, others have bright red heads, and some have striking yellow and blue bodies.
One popular pet bird from the finch family is the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata). These small birds have short conical red or orange bills and various types of markings. These pet birds get the name ‘zebra finch’ from their striking black and white pattern on their wings and upper bodies.
Lovebirds are some of the friendliest birds that you can keep as pets. These small green birds are actually a type of parrot and they are easy to socialize if trained from a young age.
Lovebirds grow to between 5” and 7” (13 – 17 cm) and are characterized by a blushing color on their cheeks. As house pets, breeders have used selective breeding to create species that have green, yellow, and red colors, or blue, white, and black. Lovebirds are also the perfect type of pet bird for apartments because they are quiet and don’t cause a lot of commotion.